You’ve already installed Windows XP and now want to dual-boot it with Ubuntu 8.04.
Now we will go through the Ubuntu installation process.
We can configure it in two ways:
Either making space for Windows
Or pre-creating partition to install Ubuntu in (or creating partitions while installing).
If we Google the internet for Windows-Ubuntu dual-boot where XP is pre-installed, we would see a couple of articles where a space is made through installation process for XP. But pre-creating partition for Ubuntu seemed to me more helpful for those who are installing Ubuntu for the first time.
Well here we go.
> When you are on Windows, use a partitioning software like EASEUS Partition Master to make space for Ubuntu. Its free to use. http://newtimezone.com
Note, Ubuntu needs two partitions unlike Windows. One is swap area which is used as temporary memory place for the system. You need not provide more than 512 MB for swap area. Another is for native Linux files. Only 1 GB can do but it is highly recommended to give 5 GB. I am going with 5 GB.
Another interesting thing you may notice on Ubuntu that the serial of partitions that you see in Windows will be different in Linux.
> Create two primary partitions with 512 MB and 5 GB. You need not specify any drive letter.
> Ubuntu is able to read both FAT32 and NTFS.
> Remember the size because Linux won’t show you any drive letter or name. It will just show the partitions as sda1, sda2, sdb1 or sdb2 etc. Don’t be afraid, real heroes like these in so many ways.
> If the two partitions are created you are now going to leave Windows.
> Put Ubuntu CD in the CD ROM.
> Restart the system.
> When Ubuntu splashes, select “Install Ubuntu”.
> Select language and Forward.
> Select location (timezone) and Forward.
> Select keyboard and Forward.
> Ubuntu will now load the disk partitioner to determine where it’s going to be installed.
The default option is that Ubuntu will resize the Windows XP partition to make space for the Ubuntu install.
Do not use entire disk. It will destroy all other data but Ubuntu.
You can drag the dividing line left or right to increase or decrease the amount of space to be freed up and go Forward. Ubuntu then prompts you to commit the changes (despite what the warning, it won’t take very long). Click Continue – the screen disappears and then click Forward again. I personally recommend you to not to do it. Because you may face some problems later at when you would resize or make any change to the partitions where Operating System embeds.